Unmanaged oropharyngeal dysphagia is associated with
1. Aspiration Pneumonia: Aspiration may occur if food or liquid passes into the lungs as a result of entering the airway instead of the esophagus (feeding tube). The person who aspirates may be at risk for pneumonia (inflammation of lungs.)
2. Weight Loss and/or Malnutrition: This may occur if the person loses appetite due to fatigue or difficulty with eating.
3. Dehydration: Dehydration may occur when the person is unable to swallow enough liquids.
4. Airway obstruction
5. Less enjoyment of eating or drinking. Individuals who had dysphagia resulting from stroke often did not find eating to be enjoyable because of their fears, dependency, and appearance.
6. Embarrassment or isolation in social situations involving eating.
7. Decreased quality of life.